Strengths and Shortcomings of school education in India

Why we mostly mess about Our education system? What thing compel us to talk about it? Here we have discussed our education system, it’s strengths and Shortcomings of school education in India. Read below?

Education in India

The most discussing topic in India is it’s education system. The strength of a nation depends upon it’s both quality and quantity of education. India has put forth it’s best in education sector, but is still facing some obstacles/bottle necks, and these obstacles has considered India as a developing nation.

Education in India is provided by different levels that are: primary, secondary, tertiary and vocational level. Which are either founded and controlled by private or public institutions. As a fundamental right India provides “free and compulsory education” to the students who are in between the age of 6 to 14.

During the independence phase, there were only 12% indians literate. But meanwhile that India shown up a great progress, so there is 10% of increase in literacy every after 10 years. From the census in 1991, 52% of indians were literate. But today in 2020 as per population 1,38,00,04,385 India has 74.04% of literacy, which is a great achievement in education field in India. However, there is still need of education for the further development in education system of India. Now in 2020, india has world educational rank of 37th and world university rank of 1001.

As eper recent census in 2019. India has 1030996 school’s out of which 853184 177812 schools are in Rural and Urban areas respectively. Also, India has 907 universities out of which

  • 399 are State Universities
  • 126 are DeemedUniversities
  • 48 are Central Universities
  • 334 are Private Universities


Out of total number of universities in India, 96 ranks including 20 new brand in the QS World University Rankings. Also India has 399631 colleges, and out of this number, 10345 are Engineering Colleges in India. Moreover, it was believed that Premier Education doesn’t exist in India. But from the recent decade, India proved that the quality education is available in India. Nowadays, education in India has gained students from foriegn gocountries like, South Africa, China, Canada, France, Germany, UK, Australia and USA also.

Strengths of India education

The advancement and enhancement in the education sector if India is visible nowadays. In other words, India has now many advantages of its schools education.

Some features of modern education

  • India have now system of obligatory education. Children upto fourteen should have education in any government or private school
  • Person forcing a child to do any other activity rather than education, would have review as per law.
  • After gaining preprimary, primary and middle education, child should be given Secondary education.
  • For providing secondary level education, many boards have been initiated which are affiliated with their respective states.
  • After Secondary level education, student can persue Bechlor’s, Master’s or any other degree as per his wish.

Education is not only for personal benefits, but it can be societal beneficial also. Those who recieve education gets merits like, Income, Career advancement, Skill development and many Employment opportunities also. Moreover, your society and community will recieve some of its benefits also. In India education has provided reservations for different class like SC’s , ST’s , and ObC’s. Education has recieved poverty to its great extent, by the concept of self-employment. Societies are under reformation. And every member is under equal treatment and as a active citizen.

Less unemployment is seen nowadays in India. As many literates are now busy with self-employment or government employment. Also, the Child Labour has vanished over, with the growth of education. Nowadays “Cheap, Required and Customary education to all” formula is to provide education.

Some Interesting Advantages

  • The obligatory education at elementary of various subjects convinced that the students might have knowledge about as much as they can.
  • Among these subjects, some teach students about their culture, which is a basic platform of education.
  • Due to various subjects, every students gets an opportunity to choose a subjects which is easier to him, so that he would create his future in the field.

Nowadays, India is trying eleminate the highlighting difference between private and public education through every educational aspect:


It was one of the pointing difference, but in every public schools, every equipment, laboritary, labirary are available. The infrastuructre, facilities and faculities are great extent available


Nowadays, india provides the better different reservation to the students as per their recuirement and conditions. There is reduction in School fee so that every student can continue his/her studies.


In our modern school education, those educated persons, who apply for government teacher, should have a required higher degrees, so that they can teach students their best

Strengths and Shortcomings of school education in India
Strengths and Shortcomings of school education in India


As everyone is cognizent, that the india have a high educational competition nowadays. This all is done by the great performance and metadology of students. So, their lies no mark of performance nowadays between private and public school education.

India has really reached to climax of education, but still some shortcomings are stick to it…..

Shortcomings of school education

Forced theoritical education:

It is the top most educational demerit of our country. Here, in our educational institutes, students recieve force to do and retain theories. Less practicality is seen in our schools. In other words mean either we lack that techinology, by which we can make our education Technically sounds or high weightage of syllabus has to be cover within an accademic session, doing less practical on concepts, students remain in box of doughts. And this weakness of a students limits him for industrial or corporate world. And as a result, our literate persons are not eligible for the practicle world. Because they are bound to reading and writings only.

Bombarment of examinations

For this, india is a best known country. Examinations make ones grades best not enables for skills. In our country, examinations recieve more preferance, then what is need. Gaining higher grades in the examination is not sign of experession of intelligence, we only check the memory power of the student not the intelligence. After gradation, literate persons fails to put great business ideas ahead and just settle at a stipend job. As a result, india produces the literate but is unable to make them educated.

Educational privatization:

it has ruled out now, our educational institues has turned to business hubs now, today numerous students preffer to get private education not from public institution. It in other words mean that we lack something, which diverts student for private coaching. As it was still a forward step, but it marks out the difference. Due to high fee expances, numerous students are unable to go through tutions because it may be due to economical and financial fault of the student.
The great intilactuals in our country choose to teach at private institutions due to high earning. The rest goes for public institutions so as a result, those students, who study in public institutions fails in the career development creation.

Unable to follow passion

This has a bad impact on our over all education. Here every student is under same intrest, however it is impossible that every student would have same intrest and passion in education field. Students receive forces to appear in series, annual and entrace examinations. As result, students fails to put their intrest for his passionable subject, and rather than this an outdated syllabus and impractical syllabus is tought. In india gradations and degrees have value instead of intelligence other confedential passion. Here, one requir higher degrees to push suggestions and ideas india do have literacy of 74.04%, but the education rate might be more below than this. If these four shortcomings have focus, then india can reach to the peak of education.

Strengths and Shortcomings of school education in India


We have witnessed a lot of progress in education sector in India, but still we have the above mentioned flaws and drawbacks. If India focuses these shortcomings, then the rate of progress will increase rapidly in every aspects. If you liked the article on “Strengths and Shortcomings of school education in India” then, comment and share or you can directly contact us.


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